Alleppey, situated along the Arabian coast, is one of the oldest planned towns in India. Alleppey is a historic place and it gained prominence as early as the Sangam age. Kuttanad region of Alleppey District, the rice bowl of Kerala, was the home to the Early Cheras. During the first century AD, Christianity became well rooted in this region. When Alleppey was a territory of Second Chera Empire in between 9th to 12th centuries AD, it became well recognised in the peninsular India for its culture and heritage, which is evident from the works of Ptolemy and ancient works Kerala, such as Ascharya Choodamani, Unnuneeli Sandesam, etc. Alleppey also witnessed the rule of colonial powers such as the Portuguese and the Dutch. Alleppey reached the zenith of its glory during the rule of Maharaja MarthandaVarma of Travancore Dynasty. Alleppey is also famous for Punnapra and Vayalar struggles for the struggles for the Indian Independence.
Alleppey is recognised for its coir industry, prawn fishing, boat races and backwater cruises. Alleppey is renowned as the ‘Venice of the East’ for its natural beauty owing to the water bodies such as canals, backwaters, beaches, and lagoons that forms a network with the greenery of the land. The major rivers flowing through this region are the Manimala, Pampa and Achancovil, whereas Vembanad Lake and Kayamkulam Lake are the backwaters in the region. The backwaters of Alleppey, which connects Kumarakom and Cochin towards north and Quilon to the South, are world famous.The Nehru Trophy Boat Race, conducted annually on the Punnamada Lake, is also a famous event. Alleppey also has the longest non-breaking coastal line of about 82 km that covers up to 13.9% of the total coastline of Kerala.
Alappuzha Beach is the prime attraction of Alleppey. Kuttanad, Pathiramanal, Krishnapuram Palace, Mararikulam, Mullakkal Rajeshwari Temple, Ambalapuzha Temple, Chambakkulam Church, Chavara Bhavan, etc. are the other major tourist destinations in Alleppey.