Zanzibar is the first millennium when the tribes that used to speak the Bantu language resided in the main land that was once called Tanganyika started sailing towards Zanzibar and Pemba. Today many tourists who spend their vacations in Tanzania would mainly explore Zanzibar and the main land of the country.
Traders and fishermen from Arabia also started visiting Zanzibar since an early age. This was as early as the 1st century AD when primitive yet well established settlements emerged in Zanzibar that turned into one of the most popular touristic detonations included commonly in several trips to Tanzania.
It was in the 8th century AD, when traders from Persia started exploring Pemba and perhaps Zanzibar and began their settlements in this section that is now largely visited by numerous tourists who enjoy their vacation in Tanzania.
In the period between the 12th and the 15th centuries, the group of Islands became an independent state that supplies the surrounding region with slaves, gold, wood, and ivory. With the trading caravans coming from the East, Islam came as well. This is in addition to the Islamic architecture that has become an interesting characteristic that amazes travelers who tour Tanzania.
This flourishing age witnessed a decline at the beginning of the 16th century, when the Portuguese took control of the islands. However, the British as well had an interest in Zanzibar as they found it as a wonderful transit point for the caravans going and coming from India.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the Sultans and kings of Oman controlled Zanzibar and the trading activities increased and flourished once again. The remains of the Omanis and the Arabian style architecture are still among the most distinguishing characteristics of Zanzibar that amaze travelers who travel all over the world to spend a vacation in Tanzania.
Afterwards, in the middle of the 19th century, and in 1862 in particular, Zanzibar became independent from the Omani Empire. However, the Sultans of Oman have remained as rulers of the island under the British protectorate for 10 years, until Zanzibar gained its all independence and sovereignty in 1964.